How to Check Your Income Tax Refund Status on NSDL: A Step-by-Step Guide

Updated on : None - None 17 min read.


Have you been eagerly waiting for your income tax refund? It's natural to feel excited about receiving your hard-earned money back in your account. However, the wait can be frustrating, especially if you're not sure when to expect it. Fortunately, checking your income tax refund status has never been easier, thanks to the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL). With just a few clicks, you can track your refund status and know exactly when to expect it.

In this step-by-step guide, we'll walk you through the process of checking your income tax refund status on NSDL. Whether you've filed your taxes online or through an authorized intermediary, this guide will help you stay informed and up-to-date on your refund status.

What is an Income Tax Refund?

Before we dive into the details of how to check your income tax refund status on NSDL, let's first understand what an income tax refund is. An income tax refund is the excess amount of tax paid by a taxpayer to the government, which is refunded back to the taxpayer. This usually happens when the tax deducted at source (TDS) or the advance tax paid by the taxpayer is more than the actual tax liability.

The income tax department processes the returns filed by taxpayers and verifies the details provided. Once the verification is done, the department calculates the refund amount, if any, and initiates the process of refund.

What is NSDL?

NSDL, known as the National Securities Depository Limited, is a leading central securities depository headquartered in India. This organization serves as a crucial platform for securely holding and facilitating the transfer of various types of securities, including shares, bonds, and mutual funds. With its strong presence and advanced infrastructure, NSDL plays a vital role in ensuring the smooth and efficient functioning of India's securities market.

Why is it important to check your income tax refund status?

Checking your income tax refund status is essential for several reasons. Firstly, it allows you to track the progress of your refund and gives you an estimate of when you can expect to receive the money. Secondly, it helps you ensure that your refund has been processed correctly and that there are no discrepancies or errors. Lastly, it provides peace of mind and eliminates any uncertainties regarding your refund.

Step 1: Visit the NSDL website

To begin the process, open your web browser and visit the TIN NSDL website. The official website is easy to find by performing a quick search using any popular search engine.


Step 2: Click on the "Refund Status" option

On the NSDL website, locate the "Refund Status" option. It is typically found under the "Services" section of the website. Click on "Status of tax Refund" this option to proceed further


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Step 3: Enter your PAN and assessment year

After clicking on the "Refund Status" option, you will be directed to a new page where you need to enter some details. The two essential pieces of information required are your PAN (Permanent Account Number) and the assessment year for which you filed your income tax return.Ensure that you enter these details with utmost accuracy.

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Step 4: Submit the details

Once you have entered your PAN and assessment year, double-check the information for any errors. Accuracy is crucial to obtain the correct refund status. Once you have confirmed the accuracy of the provided information, proceed by clicking on the "Submit" or "Check Status" button.

Step 5: View your refund status

After submitting the details, the NSDL website will retrieve the information related to your income tax refund status. It may take a few moments to fetch the data, so be patient. Once the process is complete, you will see your refund status displayed on the screen. It can fall into various categories, such as "Refund Paid," "Refund Failed," "Refund Adjusted against Outstanding Demand," or "No Demand, No Refund."

What do the different refund statuses mean?

Understanding the different refund statuses is important to decipher the current state of your refund. Here's what each status typically signifies:

1. Refund Paid:

This status indicates that your refund has been processed successfully, and the amount will be credited to your bank account soon. Congratulations on receiving your refund!

2. Refund Failed:

If you see this status, it means that the refund transaction was unsuccessful. There could be various reasons for this, such as incorrect bank account details provided during filing or technical issues. In such cases, you may need to update your bank account information or contact the income tax department for further assistance.

3. Refund Adjusted against Outstanding Demand:

If you have any pending tax dues or outstanding demands against your PAN, the income tax department may adjust your refund amount to settle these dues. This status indicates that a portion or the entire refund has been used to clear your outstanding liabilities.

4. No Demand, No Refund:

If your refund status shows this message, it means that no refund is due to you. This could occur if you have not claimed any excess tax or if your tax liability matches the amount paid during the assessment year.

It's important to note that these are general categories, and there may be specific cases or nuances depending on individual circumstances.

Other ways to check your Income Tax Refund Status

Apart from NSDL, there are other way to check your income tax refund status.

Check on the income tax department's website

You can check your income tax refund status on the income tax department's website as well. Go to official website and enter your PAN and assessment year to check your refund status.

Common issues and troubleshooting

While checking your income tax refund status on NSDL, you may encounter some common issues or face difficulties. Here are a few troubleshooting tips to help you navigate through such situations:

1. Incorrect PAN or assessment year:

Double-check that you have entered the correct PAN and assessment year. Any errors in these details can lead to inaccurate refund status information.

2. Delay in refund processing:

The refund process can take time, especially during peak filing seasons. If your refund status shows as "Under Process" or "Not Determined," it indicates that the income tax department is still working on processing your refund. Patience is key in such cases, and it's advisable to wait for a reasonable period before seeking further assistance.

3. Bank account validation:

Ensure that the bank account details provided during the filing are accurate and up-to-date. If there are any changes or errors, you may need to update the information with the income tax department to avoid refund-related complications.

4. Technical issues:

Sometimes, technical glitches or server maintenance may temporarily affect the NSDL website or refund status portal. If you encounter any errors or difficulties, try accessing the website at a later time or contact the NSDL helpline for support.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q: How long does it take to receive an income tax refund?

A: The time taken to process and receive an income tax refund can vary. It usually ranges from a few weeks to a few months, depending on factors like the complexity of your return, the filing season, and the efficiency of the income tax department.

Q: Can I check my income tax refund status if I filed a paper return?

A: No, the NSDL website is primarily for e-filed returns. If you have filed a paper return, you will need to check your refund status through alternative methods like contacting the income tax department directly or using the Income Tax Department's e-Filing website.

Q: What should I do if my refund status shows as "Refund Failed"?

A: If your refund status indicates a failed transaction, review the possible reasons for the failure. Check if the bank account details provided during filing are accurate. If necessary, update your bank account information and contact the income tax department for further assistance.

Q: Will I be required to pay taxes on the refunded amount?

A: The tax refund you receive corresponds to the excess amount of tax you have paid. This refund is not considered income and is therefore not subject to taxation. However, any interest earned on the tax refund will be subject to taxation.

Q: How long does it typically take for the income tax refund to appear in the account?

A: The income tax refund usually takes around 30-45 days to be reflected in the account.

Q: Who should I get in touch with if I have any inquiries regarding my income tax refund?

A: If you have any questions or concerns regarding your income tax refund, you can reach out to the following contacts: You may call 1800-180-1961 or send an email to for assistance.

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