What Is a Legal Notice?

Updated on : March 18, 2023 - 4 p.m. 17 min read.

A legal notice is a formal written communication sent by an individual, company or government agency to another individual or entity to provide notice of a legal action or to convey important legal information. A legal notice serves as a warning to the recipient that legal proceedings may be initiated against them if they do not comply with the requirements specified in the notice. It is a way to inform the recipient that they have a legal obligation to address the issue mentioned in the notice. Legal notices can be sent in various situations, such as breach of contract, copyright infringement, default in payment and violation of lease agreement. Legal notices may also specify a period within which the recipient needs to respond to the notice failing which legal action may be initiated.

Importance of legal notice in Indian law

Legal notices are very important because they are a way to officially inform someone about a legal matter. They help to solve problems without going to court as they give the other person a chance to fix the issue before legal action is taken. Legal notices also have to be written and sent in a specific way to be valid under Indian law, and if they are not done correctly they may not be accepted in court. By following the rules, legal notices can be used as evidence to show that the other person knew about the problem and had the chance to fix it.

Types of Legal Notices in India

  • Notice of Breach of Contract
  • Notice of Copyright Infringement
  • Notice of Termination of Employment
  • Notice of Default in Payment
  • Notice of Intent to Sue
  • Notice of Demand for Payment
  • Notice of Violation of Lease Agreement
  • Notice of Eviction
  • Notice of Intention to Foreclose
  • Notice of Non-Compliance with Regulations

Issuing a Legal Notice in India

How to write a legal notice according to Indian law

To write a legal notice according to Indian law one should clearly identify the parties involved state the facts of the case specify the legal claims and relief sought, provide evidence if available, end with a warning, use proper language and format and serve the notice through registered post or a lawyer. It is advisable to seek legal guidance or use a template to ensure that the legal notice is written correctly and complies with Indian law.

Legal notice format and requirements under Indian law

Legal notices in India have specific format and requirements to ensure that they are legally valid and enforceable. Some of the important format and requirements to keep in mind:

  1. Heading: The legal notice should have a clear heading that states the nature of the notice such as "Legal Notice under Section _____ of the _____ Act".
  2. Parties Involved: The sender and recipient should be clearly identified including their full name and address.
  3. Brief Facts: A brief description of the facts leading to the cause of action should be provided.
  4. Legal Claims: The legal claims of the sender should be stated clearly along with the relief sought.
  5. Cause of Action: The notice should clearly mention the legal basis for the claims being made such as the specific section of the law under which the notice is being issued.
  6. Notice Period: A time limit should be given for the recipient to respond to the notice usually 30 days.
  7. Warning: A warning should be included that legal action may be taken if the recipient fails to comply with the demands stated in the notice.
  8. Signature: The legal notice should be signed by the sender or their authorized representative.
  9. Proof of Service: The sender should keep a record of the legal notice sent such as a copy of the registered post receipt or the receipt provided by the courier.

It is important to follow these format and requirements while drafting and serving a legal notice in India. Failure to do so may result in the notice being considered invalid or unenforceable.

How to respond to a legal notice in India?

You should not ignore a legal notice. Instead, you should take it seriously and respond to it. Here are the steps you can take to respond to a legal notice:

  1. Read the notice carefully: The first step is to read the legal notice carefully and understand the allegations or claims made against you.
  2. Seek legal advice: If you do not understand the legal language used in the notice or if you are unsure about how to respond it is advisable to seek legal advice from a lawyer.
  3. Prepare a response: Based on the allegations made in the notice prepare a response that provides a clear and concise explanation of your position. Be sure to include any relevant documents or evidence that support your case.
  4. Send a reply: Once you have prepared your response, send a reply to the person who sent the legal notice. Make sure to send the reply within the time period specified in the notice.
  5. Follow-up: After sending the reply follow-up with the other party to ensure that they have received your response.

It is important to respond to a legal notice in a timely and professional manner to avoid any further legal complications

Legal Consequences of Ignoring a Legal Notice in India

Ignoring a legal notice can have serious legal consequences including penalties fines and legal action some potential consequences:

  1. Penalties and fines: Ignoring a legal notice may result in penalties and fines imposed by law. The exact amount of the penalty or fine will be determined by the nature of the legal notice and the applicable laws in your case.
  2. Legal action: The person or entity that sent the legal notice may take legal action against you. This could include filing a lawsuit or seeking other legal remedies to address the issue.
  3. Adverse legal implications: Ignoring a legal notice can also have adverse legal implications such as damaging your reputation or affecting your ability to enter into contracts or conduct business in the future.

Real-life examples of legal notices and their outcomes in India

First Example

In 2019 Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar sent a legal notice to a sports equipment manufacturer for allegedly failing to pay him the agreed amount for endorsing the company's products. The notice demanded payment of the pending dues failing which legal action would be taken. The matter was eventually settled out of court.In 2020 the Reserve

Second Example

Bank of India (RBI) sent a legal notice to Google Pay for allegedly violating the country's financial regulations by processing unauthorized transactions. The notice demanded an explanation from the company and asked them to comply with the regulations failing which legal action would be taken. Google Pay responded by saying they were working with the regulators to resolve the issue.


If you receive a legal notice in India it is important to take it seriously and respond appropriately. Ignoring a legal notice can lead to serious consequences including penalties, fines and legal action. It is also important to understand the format and requirements for responding to a legal notice as well as the potential outcomes and legal consequences of ignoring it.

If you are unsure about how to handle a legal notice, it is recommended to seek legal advice from a qualified lawyer. They can help you understand your legal rights and obligations and guide you through the process of responding to a legal notice.

It is also important to keep all communication and documentation related to the legal notice as it can be used as evidence in any future legal proceedings. By being proactive and taking the necessary steps to address a legal notice you can protect yourself and your business from potential legal consequences.

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